Kwon,jae-Hwa Traditional Taekwon-do System

58 years in Europe

Definition of TaeKwon-Do

“Tae” means “foot” or “to strike with the feet”. “Kwon” means “hand”, or “to strike with the hand”. “Do” means discipline, art, or way. HenceTaeKwonDo (foot-hand-way) means literally “the art of the feet and the hands” or “the art of kicking and punching”.

1946: Traditional Taekwondo

The term traditional Taekwondo typically refers to martial arts practised in Korea during the 1940s and 1950s by the nine original kwans, or martial arts schools, after the conclusion of the Japanese occupation of Korea at the end of World War II. The term Taekwondo had not yet been coined, and in reality, each of the nine original kwans practised its own style of martial art. The term traditional Taekwondo serves mostly as an umbrella term for these various styles, as they themselves used various other names such as Tang Soo Do (Chinese Hand Way), Kong Soo Do (Empty Hand Way) and Tae Soo Do (Foot Hand Way). In 1959, the name Taekwondo was agreed upon by the nine original kwans as a common term for their martial arts. As part of the unification process, The Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) was formed through a collaborative effort by representatives from all the kwans,

Philosophy of TaeKwonDo

Different styles of taekwondo adopt different philosophical underpinnings. Many of these underpinnings however refer back of the Five Commandments of the Hwarang as a historical referent. For example, Choi Hong Hi expressed his philosophical basis for taekwondo as the Five Tenets of Taekwondo

Ye-Ui, courtesy
Yom-Chi, integrity
In-Nae, perseverance, patience
Guk-Gi, self-discipline
Beakjul-bool-gul, invincibility
These tenets are further articulated in a taekwondo oath, also authored by Choi:

I undertake to comply with the principles of Taekwondo
I undertake to respect my coaches and all superiors
I undertake to abuse Taekwondo never
I pledge to stand up for freedom and justice

5 Different disciplines

Gymnastic / Exercise (Chunbi-undong)

Training in Traditional Taekwon-do is designed to develop students strength, flexibility, stamina etc. The training is a mixed of a variety of exercises and technique combinations where body (hand-foot) but also mind (quick and memorable thinking) are working together in harmony. Each student threw training is improving his body and mind in many aspects and always according to his nature

Break test (kyekpa)

Definetely ‘ woods dont hit back – Bruce Lee’ but the purpose of a break test is other than this common thought. Is to show and measure the power of body and same time of willingness of a student develop threw the years of training. Also, a show of good technique, focus and a beautiful and strong combination of TAE (foot), KWON (hand) and DO (spirit) that lead at the result of a successful break. A breaktest is students achievement and a great show of their skills development

Self defense (ho sin sul)

Self defense was designed where an average person to be able to defend him/her self. This is also the main different between a martial art (Traditional Taekwon-do) and sports (World Taekwon-do) that arrange students sparring with categories.  In Traditional Taekwon-do students regarding age, body, being a male or a female threw the training combinations develop their self defense skills and how to be very effective practicing moves that not allowed or practice in sports Taekwon-do. Every move, every punch, every kick, every technique combination in Traditional Taekwon-do training is realistic self defense. 

Free fight (chayu daeryon)

Students in free fight (no contact) or light contact sparring, without the use of any protection equipment demonstrate their skills of how to be effective, fast, powerful and same time with perfect control during their fight/sparring. Exactly as this should reflect on  students social life. Traditional Taekwon-do teaches students to be not a champion in school but a champion in life. 

Ilbo Taeryon (one step fight)

 One step sparring is the preliminary stage to free fight. Students learn how to move and execute combinations that are taught in training while an attacker is coming forward. In later teaching is also included a two and three step sparring. 

The Original Founding Kwans

With the end of the Japanese occupation of Korea on August 15, 1946, Taekwondo began to once again flourish and spread to the general Korean public. However, all of the kwans were again forced to close their doors in 1950 due to the onset of the Korean war. Since this time, the original name of the martial art has changed from Dang Soo Do to Kong Soo Do or Soo Bak, Kwun Bup to Tae Soo Do and finally to today’s Taekwondo. Below is a brief overview of the history of the “original founding kwans” who formed modern day Taekwondo:
SONG MOO KWAN (Dang Soo Do)”] – Founder: Byung Jick Ro
logo 1995-2003
March 20, 1944: Song Moo Kwan founded at Ja Name Dong (Kwan Duk Jung), KaeSung City, Kyung Ki Providence
May 2, 1946: re-established at Dong Hung Dong, KaeSung City, Kyung Ki Providence
June 25, 1950: closed doors due to the Korean War
September 20, 1953: re-established Ah Hyung Dong, Mapogu, Seoul, Korea
“CHUNG DO KWAN (Dang Soo Do)”]- Founder: Won Kook Lee

September 1944: Chung Do Kwan funded at Ok Chun Dong (Young Shin School), Suh Dae Moo Gue, Seoul, Korea

April 1946: re-established at Gyun Ji Dong (Si Chun Gyo Dang), Jong Ro Gu, Seoul, Korea

June 25, 1950: closed doors due to the Korean War

October 1953: re-established in Gyun Ji Dong (Si Chun Gyo Dang), Jong Ro Gu, Seoul, Korea. When this group was re-established in 1953, they did not have an instructor. Two students of Mr. Lee’s, Jong Myong Hyun and Wun Shik Min, requested Master Byung Jick Ro to come as an instructor. Master Ro helped them re-establish and teach their students until December 1954. Before leaving, he appointed Duk Sung Sohn as head and Mr. Hyun and Mr. Min as instructors.[/pane]

“CHOSON YON MOO KWAN JUDO DO JANG (Kwon Bup Bu)”]- President: Kyung Suk Lee

First instructor: Sang Sup Jun

1946: established (Kwon Bup Bu)

June 25, 1950: closed doors due to the Korean War

September 1953:  Kwon Bup Bu ceased to exist when Yon Moo Kwan became the central Do Jang of the Korean Judo Association

Mr. Sang Sup Jun disappeared during the Korean War in 1950

“YMCA (Kwon Bup Bu)”]- First Instructor: Byung In Yoon

September 1947: established (Kwon Bup Bu)

June 25, 1950: closed due to the Korean War

YMCA building was destroyed during the war and Kwon Bup Bu ceased to exist.

Mr. Yoon disappeared during the Korean War

“KYO TONG BU WOO ASSOCIATION (Dang Soo Do Bu)”]- First Instructor and Founder: Ki Hwang

1947: established (Dang Soo Do Bu)

June 25, 1950:  closed due to the Korean War

1955: changed name to Moo Duk Kwan.

Departed from the ‘original founding’ members of Korea Tae Soo Do Association.
Dang Soo Do originated with the above kwans. Groups established after this time period are branches of the above groups

“DAE HAN CHE YOOK KWAN (Kong Soo Do Bu)”]- First Instructors: Kyo Yoon Lee, Kwae Byung Yoon, Jong Woo Lee

September 1953: established (Kong Soo Do Bu)

The name has since been changed to Ji Do Kwan

“CHAE SHIN BU (Kong Soo Do Bu)”]- First Instructor: Nam Suk Lee

1954: established (Kong Soo Do Bu)

The name has since changed to Chang Moo Kwan[/pane]

“OH DO KWAN (Army Taekwondo)”]- Founder: Hong Hi Choi

1955: began teaching Taekwondo to the Korean Army

July 1959: began to be known to the public[/pane]


In addition to these kwans, many other groups were started such as: Han Moo Kwan, Jung Do Kwan and Sang Moo Kwan.